Jewish quarter in Koln

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Jewish quarter in Koln

Postby aries » Tue Mar 12, 2013 1:39 pm

I thought that someone might find some correspondence I just received about the Jewish quarter in Koln.

From Rabbi Eliezer ben Joel in the 13th century

A street in Koln

ובקילונייא איכא כי האי גווגא, שהולך המבוי קטן הע״ז שקורין מרפורצא עד הקורדויגר״ש שמתקנים מנעלים ונכנס מבוי הקטן לתוך הגדול, וצריך לתקן כאשר כתבתי, ומותר לכל ישראל.

In Cologne we have such an alleyway which goes from a small alleyway of avodah zarah which is called Marporze (Today Obenmarspforten) until the Corduanarii, the street where the shoemaker fix shoes and the small alleyway goes into the bigger alleyway and it has to be fixed the way I have described and then it is permitted to all Jews (to carry).

The Old Jewish quarter of Koln has been excavated and today is bound by Kleine Budengass, Unter Goldschmied, Obenmarsforten and Judengasse Streets.

Communicated by Sven Schütte

The Corduanarii, the leatherworkers were sitting in the street "Unter Taschenmacher". This is the prolongation of the "platea Judeorum" (Judengasse). "Unter Taschenmacher begins at the north-eastern gate of the Jewish quarter and was called "inter corduanarios" in 1200. The last house of the Jewish Quarter was the first house of "Unter Taschenmacher). The Eruv so is between the southernmost gate at the Marspforte (Marsportze or porta Martis or later porta mercatorum). In the upper story was the chapel of the city-council St. Michael (first mentiones 1021)- so the place of idolatry. The Jews-lane (Judengasse) runs from there straight north until the northern gate "Unter Taschenmacher" There are 6 more gates of the Jewish quarter: in the west 1. "in Stezza", later kleine Budengasse, 2. "parvus vicus", later Laurenzgittergässchen, 3. Enggasse in the very centre, 4. at the end of the Jerusalemsgässchen and in the south 5. The Metzloch and finally 6. the gate Obenmarspforten (Marspforte). The estimate is between 800 and 1100 inhabitants in the best time before the 14th century

Now why shoemakers are called Corduanarii

leather made in Cordova
shoes of leather made in Cordova

אורחות חיים another 13th Jewish scholar writes:
שקורין קורדאוו"אן בלע"ז כי היהי דליהו קצת כעין סנדל

which are called cardouan in French are as they are something like a sandal.
cordouan. Sorte de cuir dont on fait communément des souliers.
Cordwain, once a synonym of cordovan (through Old French cordewan) meaning "from Córdoba" describes a certain kind of fine leather, originally from Córdoba. Cordwainer is still used to describe someone in the profession of shoemaking.
En francés, del término cordobán (cuero de Córdoba) deriva la palabra "cordonnier" (zapater).
Aryeh Shore
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